Mughal Gardens

Mughal Gardens

The layout of the Mughal gardens inKashmir, Shalimar Bagh  and Nishat Baghis an adaptation of another Islamic garden layout known as the Persian gardens,particularly the Charbagh structure. Significant use of rectilinear layouts aremade within the walled enclosures. Some of the typical features include pools,fountains and canals inside the gardens. These gardens are built on a flat landon a square plan with four radiating arms from a central location as the watersource. It needed to be modified to suit the hilly terrain and availability ofa well, which could be diverted from a higher elevation to the planned gardens.Modifications involved the main channel running through the garden axially fromtop to the lowest point. This central channel, known as the Shah Nahar, is themain axis of the garden. It runs through three terraces. This layout left outthe radial arms and the shape became rectangular, instead of a square plan of theChahar Bagh

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